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History has seen golf balls evolve from wood Cheap Alvaro Morata Jersey , feathers to rubber and now nanotechnology is just around the corner.
Wooden golf balls
Golf goes back hundreds of years and is widely thought to of originated in Scotland. The first golf balls and clubs were made from wood, and there is a record dating back to 1550 referring to a John Daly playing with a wooden golf ball.
Feather golf balls
From wood Wholesale Chelsea FC Jerseys , the featherie' came along. These golf balls were made with tightly packed goose feathers with a cow hide lining. It sounds soft, but by packing the ball together when wet Wholesale Chelsea Jerseys , as it dried the leather shrank and feathers expanded to create hard golf balls. As they were handcrafted the quality of golf balls varied and they were expensive to buy. In the 1600s golf ball makers such as Dickson, Henry Mills and Leith became well known in St Andrews Cheap Chelsea FC Jerseys , the home of golf.
St Andrews remained an exciting place for golf and so naturally a place where developments in golf balls and golf clubs originated. By 1848 Rev Adam Paterson introduced the Guttie'. The Gutta Percha golf ball played a big part in the popularization of the game. Made out of a rubber like sap from the Gutta tree, it was relatively cheap to make.
Patterns on golf balls
By 1880 Cheap Chelsea Jerseys , the smooth surface of the Guttie meant it didn't travel as far a pattern was introduced to try and help the golf balls travel further. As the industrial revolution took place, the Gutties were made in moulds Cheap Willy Caballero Jersey , became cheaper, more accessible and better quality. Major factories and rubber companies began to mass produce golf balls.
Rubber cored golf balls
Coburn Haskell brought in the next major development in golf balls in 1898 with his rubber cored ball. It added roughly 20 yards to the distance golf balls flew and was widely considered to be the ball to use by 1901 Cheap Willian Jersey , especially after its success in the British and US Open. Haskell balls were also mass produced thanks to the industrial revolution in Britain and the advent of a thread winding machine made the golf clubs and balls affordable.
Collectors of golf balls
The early 1900s is a key period for collectors of golf balls and memorabilia thanks to the experimentation with patterning. The dimple pattern appeared in 1905 and was introduced by William Taylor the birth of the modern golf ball had arrived.
Developments and experiments continued but since 1921 the regulators of the sport the R & A and USGA added rules and constraints to try and refrain technology advancing golf balls too much to keep the game competitive and maintain a level playing field. However, today you can buy a vast array of golf balls designed specifically for ladies Cheap Victor Moses Jersey , men, seniors Cheap Tiemoue Bakayoko Jersey , or to suit individual games.
STRASBOURG， April 20 (Xinhua) -- While a new shipwreck in the Mediterranean leaving several hundred victims was announced by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees on Wednesday， Brussels and Ankara， beyond declarations of good intentions and sabre rattling， continue their political arm wrestling match.
If politics do not give way to pragmatism， the controversial agreement on the handling of the refugee crisis， hastily reached on March 18 between Turkey and European heads of state and government， risks premature failure.
The reactions following the Tuesday visits to the spring plenary session of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) in Strasbourg by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu indicate that the EU-Turkey agreement has already been compromised.
PACE members， in fact， largely expressed their doubts Wednesday during an urgent debate on the subject.
The address of Davutoglu， like that of Juncker the day prior， does not seem to have reassured them， and many are asking who will gain from this agreement.
"All the measures have been put in place，" the Turkish PM affirmed， however.
"There is no problem，" he stressed， while specifying: "Turkey could speak of difficulties because the 3 billion euros (3.41 billion U.S. dollars) set aside for the Syrian refugees arriving in Turkey are still not in our hands."
Meanwhile， the president of the European Commission pleaded "The European Commission has done everything in its power to bring assistance to the refugees. The agreement reached between the EU and Turkey makes up one part of the solution. The principle of non-refoulement will be respected."
The question of financing， like that of the liberalization of visas for Turkish citizens wishing to travel to the EU， and the acceleration of the EU adhesion process for Turkey， appear between the two camps but especially at the heart of the EU.
After the arrival of nearly a million migrants on the European continent and the apparition of barbed-wire fences on its soil as part of the re-establishment of internal border controls within the Schengen zone， Europe is waking up as if it were stunned.
Nationalisms and populisms， on the left as much as on the right， are flourishing on the terrain of disoriented public opinion.
The contested European political class， fractured by ideological divisions， is more and more delegitimized in a context of the economic crisis and social tension which have settled in for the long term.
The EU， in such conditions， does not seem to be in the best position for the ongoing geopolitical shakeup. Its member states have not been able to form a common front and have sometimes taken up antagonistic positions toward one another. The European executive is struggling to convince the parliamentarians， and all the more so the European citizens， of the soundness of the measures decided upon in the refugee crisis as in other concerns.